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Wordcorr Home > In a nutshell

Partial results of tabulation in five Polynesian speech varieties. The first position in each correspondence set is Māori, the second Tongan, the third Sāmoan, the fourth Rarotongan, the fifth Hawaiian, as ordered in the "Example" view on the View panel. Data from Campbell 2004, 168-169. You can download the full collection and play with it yourself.

Place & Manner. Protosegments are listed in phonetic order. Protosegments. * gives a symbol for each hypothetical sound unit of the ancestral language. Correspondence sets. Each speech variety's treatment of the protosegment in a particular environment # Citations. The number of times the same correspondence set is found in the same environment

Partial results of tabulation

Environments. Sound types near the instance of the protosegment in the ancestral language. _ stands for the protosegment, # for word boundary, V for any vowel. Cluster. Correspondence sets in the same environment that differ only by missing data. *s in word initial position is not attested in Entry 20, but it is in Entry 19. Citation list. The exact entry (15 in the first line), group (a), and position in the group (1) of one instance of the correspondence set
In a nutshell: the table above illustrates how Wordcorr works. See how the evidence for the *f protosegment has different correspondence sets in word initial and word medial environments. The evidence for *s, however, shows the same correspondence set in both environments. The two protosegments lose their distinctiveness in Rarotongan and Hawaiian (the last two sounds in the set), but still develop into different sounds. Other correspondence sets may have the same sound in all varieties; but the ones here show local innovations. The evidence for initial *s involves missing data, symbolized by "." All this is explained in greater detail elsewhere on this site, and in Wordcorr Help.

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